Canada's Birth, Marriage & Death Records

Vital statistics (births, marriages & deaths) are collected by the provincial or territorial government.

Each province and territory has their own version of a vital statistics or civil registration act that governs when and how the province or territory required the registration of births, marriages or deaths. They also decide when, how or if these records are released to the public.

The years indicated in the chart signify when the province or territory officially started civil registration, and the last year that is available for public viewing. Vital records pre-dating the start of civil registration do exist, for additional information please visit the province/territory GenWeb.

Waterton, Alberta Copyright © A.Ellacott
Province / Territory Births MarriagesDeaths
Alberta1889-1889-1889-
British Columbia1872-19031872-19411872-1996
Manitoba1882-1882-1882-
New Brunswick1888-1888-1888-
Newfoundland1891-18991891-19221891-1949
Nova Scotia1864-1877
1908-
1864-1877
1906-
1864-1877
1908-
Northwest Territories1925-?1925-?1925-?
Ontario1869-19171858-1869-
Prince Edward Island1906-1906-1906-
Quebec **1621-1900
1621-1900
1621-1900
Saskatchewan1888-1878-1888-
Yukon1896-1896-1896-
** Dates refer to church recorded births, marriages & deaths. Civil registration of vital statistics didn't start until 1994