Other Names (also known as):
Former Name(s): Upper Canada (1791-1841); Canada West (1841-1867)
Formerly in New France; Montreal District, Quebec (?-1788)
The Province of Ontario was created at the time of confederation, 1 July 1867. Indian settlement began in prehistoric times. Inhabitants by 100 AD were the Algonquin tribes of Ojibwa, Cree and Algonquin, and the Iroquoian tribes of Iroquois, Huron, Petun, Neutral, Erie and Susquehannock. The first European settlement was St. Marie Among The Huron's in 1639. In order to promote European settlement the British Government offered "Crown Land" which was available for 6 pence per acre plus survey costs and an oath of allegiance.
Source(s) of Information:
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