Canada West


See: Ontario
Former Names (no longer used): Upper Canada (1791-1841); Canada West (1841-1867)

LOCATION:

No Longer Exists


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Canada, Province of
(Province)
No Longer Exists
Former Location**: New France; Quebec

LOCATION:

Established 23 July 1840 when the Act of Union allowed Upper and Lower Canada to act under one government; This Province grew into the country of Canada which of course currently exists


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Ontario
(Province)
Currently Exists
Former Location**: New France; Montreal District, Quebec (?-1788)
Former Names (no longer used): Upper Canada (1791-1841); Canada West (1841-1867)

LOCATION:

The Province of Ontario was created at the time of confederation, 1 July 1867. Indian settlement began in prehistoric times. Inhabitants by 100 AD were the Algonquin tribes of Ojibwa, Cree and Algonquin, and the Iroquoian tribes of Iroquois, Huron, Petun, Neutral, Erie and Susquehannock. The first European settlement was St. Marie Among The Huron's in 1639. In order to promote European settlement the British Government offered "Crown Land" which was available for 6 pence per acre plus survey costs and an oath of allegiance.

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Cemeteries
Census
OntarioGenWeb



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Upper Canada

No Longer Exists

Other Names (also known as): Most parts of this place are now known as Southern Ontario
Former Names (no longer used): Upper Canada (1791-1841); Canada West (1841-1867)

LOCATION:

Established in 1791 when the constitutional act divided the land along the present Ontario/Quebec border into Upper and Lower Canada. Upper Canada was land lying west of the Ottawa River, while Lower Canada was the land lying east.


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Addington County
(Geographic County)
No Longer Exists
Former Location**: Midland District (1792-1800)

LOCATION:Upper Canada

Established 1792; Named for Henry Addington, Viscount of Sidmouth; United with Lennox County to form 'Lennox & Addington County' in 1800

"That the eighth of the said Counties be hereafter called by the name of the County of Addington which County is to be bounded on the East by the Westernmost line of the County of Frontenac on the South by Lake Ontario to the Western-most boundary of the late Township of Ernest Town and on the West by the Easternmost boundary line of the late Township of Fredericksburg running North thirty-one degrees West until it meets the Ottawa or Grand River thence descending the said River until it meets the North Western-most boundary of the County of Frontenac comprehending within the said County of all the Islands nearest to it and in the whole or greater part fronting the same."

Genealogical Resources
Census
Cemeteries
Lennox & Addington County GenWeb

Source(s) of Information:
Hillman, Thomas A. A Statutory Chronology of Ontario Counties and Municipalities. Langdale Press, 1988.



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Algoma District
(Geographic District)
Currently Exists
Former Location**: Rupert's Land

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)

First inhabitants were from the Algonkin Nation. Algoma District has a unique place in history as it was the location of a visit from the first white man to enter the area that is now Ontario. Etienne Brule, a french explorer, visited in the early 1600's. It was also the first area to be accurately mapped due to its importance for the fur trade. Besides its abundance of furs, Algoma was also known for its minerals and lumber. Algoma became a Judicial District in 1858. There is only one city in this district - Sault Ste. Marie.

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Algoma District GenWeb

Source(s) of Information:
Canadian Permanent Committee on Geographical Names. Gazetteer of Canada: Ontario. Ottawa, Committee by Surveys and Mapping Branch, Department of Energy, Mines and Resources, 1974. 9780660510002
Mika, Nick & Helma. Places In Ontario: Volume I: A-E. Belleville, Mika Publishing Company, 1977. 0-919303-14-5



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Bathurst District
(Geographic District)
No Longer Exists
Former Location**: Eastern District

LOCATION:

Established in 1824 and abolished in 1849; Consisted of part of Carleton County, Lanark County and part of Renfrew County until 1838 when Carleton County was removed (it became Dalhousie District)


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Brant County
(Geographic County & Municipality)
http://www.county.brant.on.ca
Currently Exists

Other Names (also known as): County of Brant

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)
Current (Municipal) Location: County of Brant

Established 1853 from parts of Halton County, Oxford County and Wellington County; Named after Mohawk Chief and early settler Joseph Brant

One of Ontario's Municipalities; Incorporated 1999

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Brant County GenWeb



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Brock District
(Geographic District)
No Longer Exists
Former Location**: London District

LOCATION:

Established in 1837 and abolished in 1849; Consisted of Oxford County plus the townships of Burford and Oakland of Brant County; In 1838 & 1845 consisted of the current counties of part of Brant, part of Middlesex and Oxford.

District Town: Woodstock


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Bruce County
(Geographic County & Municipality)
http://www.brucecounty.on.ca
Currently Exists

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)
Current (Municipal) Location: Bruce County

Established 1849

One of Ontario's Municipalities; Incorporated 1867

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Bruce County GenWeb



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Carleton County
(Geographic County)
See: Ottawa-Carleton (Regional Municipality)
Former Location**: Johnstown District (1800-1824); Bathurst District (1824-1838); Dalhousie District (1838-1849)

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)

Established 1800 from Dundas County and Grenville County; Named for Sir Guy Carleton, Lord Dorchester; Became the Regional Municipality of Ottawa-Carleton in 1968

The Townships of Nepean, with the tract of land to be hereafter laid out into townships, between Nepean and a line drawn north sixteen degrees west from the north-west angle of the township of Crosby, until it intersects the Ottawa River, with such of the islands in the said river as are wholly, or in greater part opposite thereto, shall constitute and form the county of Carleton.

1821: Carleton County consisted of Bathurst Township, Beckwith Township, Dalhousie Township, Drummond Township, Goulbourn Township, Huntley Township, Lanark Township, March Township, Ramsay Township, Sherbrooke North Township, Sherbrooke South Township.

1824: Carleton County consisted of Fitzroy Township, Goulbourn Township, Huntley Township, March Township, Nepean Township, Pakenham Township, Torbolton Township, and the islands in the Ottawa River.

1838: Carleton County consisted of Fitzroy Township, Gloucester Township, Goulbourn Township, Huntley Township, March Township, Marlborough Township, Nepean Township, North Gower Township, Osgoode Township, Torbolton Township, and the islands in the Ottawa River.

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Carleton County GenWeb

Source(s) of Information:
Hillman, Thomas A. A Statutory Chronology of Ontario Counties and Municipalities. Langdale Press, 1988.


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Cochrane District
(Geographic District)
Currently Exists
Former Location**: Rupert's Land

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)

Established 1821 from Nipissing District, Timiskaming District, and Thunder Bay District

Genealogical Resources
Census
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Cochrane District GenWeb



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Colborne District
(Geographic District)
No Longer Exists
Former Location**: Newcastle District

LOCATION:

Established in 1841 and abolished 1849; Consisted of Peterborough County and part of Victoria County


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Dalhousie District
(Geographic District)
No Longer Exists
Former Location**: Eastern District, Bathurst District

LOCATION:

Established in 1842 and abolished 1849; Consisted of Carleton County


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Dufferin County
(Geographic & Municipal County)
http://www.dufferincounty.on.ca
Currently Exists Dufferin (Municipal County)

Other Names (also known as): County of Dufferin

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)
Current (Municipal) Location: County of Dufferin

Established 1874 from Grey County, Simcoe County and Wellington County

One of Ontario's Municipalities

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Dufferin County GenWeb

Source(s) of Information:
Law, Barbara. Scott's Canadian Sourcebook 2002. Southam Inc., 2001.



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Dundas County
(Geographic County)
See: Stormont, Dundas and Glengarry
Former Location**: Eastern District (1792-1849)

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)

Established 1792; Named for Henry Dundas, Viscount of Melville

Comprised of the townships of Mountain, Matilda, Winchester and Williamsburg

Genealogical Resources
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Dundas County GenWeb



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Durham County
(Geographic County)
See: Durham Region
Former Location**: Home District (1792-1802); Newcastle District (1802-1849)

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)

Established 1792; Named for Durham, England

Comprised of the townships of Clarke, Cavan, Cartwright, Darlington, Hope and Manvers

Genealogical Resources
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Durham County GenWeb



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Eastern District
(Geographic District)
No Longer Exists
Former Names (no longer used): Lunenburg District

LOCATION:

Established 24 July 1788 as Lunenburg District, renamed Eastern District in 1792, and abolished in 1849; Consisted of the counties of Dundas, Glengarry, Grenville, Leeds, Ontario (#1), Prescott, Russell & Stormont. In 1798 Carleton, Grenville & Leeds were removed and established as Johnstown District. In 1816 Prescott and Russell were removed to create Ottawa District. In 1826, 1838 & 1845 Eastern District consisted of the counties of Dundas, Glengarry and Stormont.


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Elgin County
(Geographic County & Municipality)
Currently Exists

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)
Current (Municipal) Location: Elgin

Established 1851 from the southern part of Middlesex County; Named after the Earl of Elgin

One of Ontario's Municipalities; Incorporated 1852

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Elgin County GenWeb



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Essex County
(Geographic & Municipal County)
http://www.countyofessex.on.ca/
Currently Exists
Former Location**: Western District (1792-1849)

Other Names (also known as): County of Essex

LOCATION:Ontario (Province of)
Current (Municipal) Location: County of Essex

Established 1792

One of Ontario's Municipalities; Incorporated 1792

Genealogical Resources
Cemeteries
Census
Essex County GenWeb



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