Alberta Census Records

Canada-wide census enumerations were done every ten years from 1881 to 1951 when they became every five years. However the prairie provinces, which include Alberta, were enumerated every five years starting in 1906.

Due to privacy laws census records are held by Statistics Canada for 92 years before being released to Library & Archives Canada (LAC). Once in the care of LAC it can take a year or more to process and ready the census for public viewing.

Unless marked with a $ all links to available census records are free to view. Some websites may require free registration.

Census Year

4 Apr 1881

The first Canada-wide census to include parts of what is now Alberta.

Athabaska, Bow River, Cumberland, Edmonton, Peace River were enumerated as part of what was then the Northwest Territories.

6 Apr 1891

Areas of Alberta were enumerated as Alberta District, Assiniboia (West), and Unorganized Territories.

Alberta District: Banff, Battle River, Calgary, Canmore, Coal Mine, Davisburg, Edmonton, Fish Creek, Fort Saskatchewan, Gleichen, High River, Institutions, Lac La Biche, Lethbridge, McLeod, Morley, Namaka

Assiniboia (West): Medicine Hat, Swift Lake

Unorganized Territories: Athabaska, Buffalo, Canoe Lake, Dunvegan, Fort Chipewyan, Fort Vermilion, Grande Prairie, Lesser Slave Lake, Peace River, Pelican Rapids, Sturgeon Lake, White Fish Lake 

31 Mar 1901

Areas of Alberta were enumerated as Alberta District, Assiniboia (West), and Unorganized Territories.

24 Jun 1906

The first census of the prairie provinces: Alberta, Manitoba & Saskatchewan

1 Jun 1911

The first Canada-wide census to include parts of what is now Alberta. Athabaska, Bow River, Cumberland, Edmonton, Peace River were enumerated as part of what was then the Northwest Territories.

1 Jun 1916

Alberta, Manitoba & Saskatchewan

1 Jun 1921

Canada-wide

Library & Archives Canada
Ancestry (can be viewed with free registration, no subscription required)

1 Jun 1926

Alberta, Manitoba & Saskatchewan

1 Jun 1931

Canada-wide
Will be transferred to Library & Archives Canada on or after 1 Jun 2023

1 Jun 1936

Alberta, Manitoba & Saskatchewan
Will be transferred to Library & Archives Canada on or after 1 Jun 2028