Manitoba Census Records

Early census enumerations for Manitoba were specific to a place or area as noted in the table below. The first census for all of Manitoba was taken in 1870. The first Canada-wide census that included Manitoba was enumerated in 1881. 

Canada-wide census enumerations were done every ten years until 1951 when they became every five years. However the prairie provinces, which included Manitoba, were enumerated every five years starting in 1906.

Due to privacy laws census records are held by Statistics Canada for 92 years before being released to Library & Archives Canada (LAC). Once in the care of LAC it can take a year or more to process and ready the census for public viewing.

Unless marked with a $ all links to available census records are free to view. Some websites may require free registration.
Census Year Area Enumerated Where Available
1827-1843Red River SettlementArchives of Manitoba
1831-1870Hudson's Bay CompanyFamily Search
1831-1849GrantownLibrary & Archives Canada
1831-1856Red River SettlementLibrary & Archives Canada
1832-1856Hudson's Bay Company$ Ancestry
1832-1849Lower SettlementLibrary & Archives Canada
1835-1838Indian VillageLibrary & Archives Canada
1835-1849Swampy VillageLibrary & Archives Canada
1840-1849Saulteaux VillageLibrary & Archives Canada
1849Upper Fort Garry Royal PensionersLibrary & Archives Canada
1857Fort Pelly Indian & Half-breedArchives of Manitoba
1857Fond du Lac Indian populationArchives of Manitoba
1858Albany River District, Nominal Indian & MetisArchives of Manitoba
1870Province of ManitobaLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch
$ Ancestry
1871Mackenzie River District, Indian populationArchives of Manitoba
1872ChurchillArchives of Manitoba
1881 Apr 4CanadaLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch
$ Ancestry
1891 Apr 6CanadaLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch (index only)
$ Ancestry
1901 Mar 31CanadaLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch
$ Ancestry
Automated Genealogy
1906 Jun 24Manitoba, Alberta & SaskatchewanLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch (index only)
$ Ancestry
Automated Genealogy
1911 Jun 1CanadaLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch (index only)
$ Ancestry
Automated Genealogy
1916 Jun 1Manitoba, Alberta & SaskatchewanLibrary & Archives Canada
FamilySearch
$ Ancestry
1921 Jun 1CanadaLibrary & Archives Canada
Ancestry (can be viewed with free registration, no subscription required)
1926 Jun 1Manitoba, Alberta & SaskatchewanLibrary & Archives Canada
Family Search
1931 Jun 1CanadaWill be transferred to Library & Archives Canada on or after 1 Jun 2023
1936 Jun 1Manitoba, Alberta & SaskatchewanWill be transferred to Library & Archives Canada on or after 1 Jun 2028