1786-1825: "Canada, once known as British North America, has been home to Mennonites since 1786. The first Canadian Mennonites came from Pennsylvania to Upper Canada and were followed by an intermittent stream of immigrants which swelled on at least three other occasions into major movements of Mennonites to Canada. This group of Mennonites from Pennsylvania were a part of the group known as the Swiss-South German Mennonites who migrated to North America both directly from Switzerland as well as from France, Germany and Galicia-Volhynia beginning in 1683."
"The first group of Mennonites that came to Canada were pushed in part by hostility at home arising from their pacifism during the American Revolution. But they were also pulled by the promises and opportunities of a new western agricultural frontier where minority rights seemed better protected than in revolutionary America. Their original migration to North America was the result of severe persecution towards their way of life and faith, particularly their denunciation of infant baptism."
"It is estimated that approximately 2,000 Mennonites came from Pennsylvania to Ontario between 1786 and 1825. A detailed Canadian census in 1841 enumerated 5,379 Mennonites, of whom 3,022 lived in the Niagara District, 933 in the Wellington (Waterloo) district, and 859 in the Home (Markham) district." [From: Gwen Hasenpflug; Quoted from Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. 1989. Global Anabaptist Mennonite Encyclopedia Online. Retrieved 12 August 2006 ]
1794: An advertisement in Ireland stated "All religions are tolerated...no taxes or thytes are paid...and tradesmen of all denominations are in great request."
"In His Majesty's Province of Upper Canada. Forty Thousand Acres of Land to be Granted for Ever, in the Township of Norwich, ...a Most Healthy Situation on the Banks of Lake Ontario...Cork [Ireland], 1st November, 1794." [Quoted from: Impressions: 250 Years of Printing... In The Lives of Canadians]
1830's: The Petworth Emigration Scheme
1832: The London Lead Mining Company paid for 124 people to emigrate from Alston, Cumberland, England to alleviate the problems resulting from a depression in the industry. Other mining families from the area emigrated later. [Courtesy of Eileen Powers]